The 19th Century witnessed the development of three major art styles: Romanticism, Realism and Impressionism. Additionally Neoclassicism still held on in the beginning of the century. Post-Impressionism, Art Nouveau and photography also kicked off in the 1800’s, and continued into the early 20th century.
Romanticism dominated the first half of the century, but then gradually Realism became the predominant style. The end of the era saw the introduction of a radical new style of art originating in France — Impressionism, which was transformed into Post-Impressionism. Additionally, a new radical style swept the scene in the last part of the 1800’s and into the early 1900’s – Art Nouveau.
Monet’s depiction of Rue Montorgueil in a painting with the same name- 1878, Paris, France
Hold on to your hats! The art world is really starting to move and shake.
A style that began in Paris towards the last quarter of the century
The way the painter worked became more important than the content of the painting.
Depicting a fleeting moment, an impression
Characterized by sketchy lines, loose brush strokes, dabs of color that blend together
Favorite subject matter:
The transitory effects of light and weather
The amusements and pastimes of the middle and upper classes
Did not focus on traditional subject matter: history and classical antiquities, religion