Introduction to the Classical Era

The Influences

Enlightenment Transcript (PDF)

Huge Changes Politically

  • Huge changes in Europe and America
  • The creation of the United States of America
  • The demise of the French Monarchy

The Enlightenment

Required article – videos on site are optional and are not closed captioned

  • Emphasis on Reason and Intellect
  • Emphasis on Secular Concerns
  • Freedom from Tyranny and Superstition
  • Attacks against hypocrisy
  • Belief in the Goodness of Man
  • Emphasis on the Common Man

The Evolution of Humanism

Rational Humanism Transcript (PDF)


Rene Descartes  optional –    Father of Modern Philosophy

  • “I think, therefore I am’
  • A rationalist

John Locke    optional

  • Our experience shapes us
  • An empiricist
  • Argued against the “divine right” of kings

Immanuel Kant    optional

  • We use our mind to make sense of our experiences
  • Rationalism and empiricism combined

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