Classical Influences and Architecture

Politics

The American Revolution 1776 — 1781

americanrevolution.mp3 – -Transcript of the above audio

The Reasons

  • Taxation:   Stamp Act
  • Trials without Juries:   Judges paid by the fines they levied on the guilty
  • Housing and accommodating troops:   Writs of Assistance, Billeting Act

The Results

  • Declaration of Independence
  • A Sovereign Nation
  • Founded on Enlightenment Ideals
  • Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
  • The Foundations for Democracy Based on Classical Antiquities
  • Bill of Rights

The French Revolution 1789-1799

frenchrevolution.mp3 – Transcript of the above audio

Overview – and more

The Reasons

The Situation progresses

Coup D’Etat

Napoleon Bonaparte 1769-1821
For more indepth study

  • Roman Model — First Consul
  • Triumph of the Common man
  • Voted in as Consul for Life
  • Declared Himself Emperor
  • Napoleonic Code

The Industrial Revolution –

industrial.mp3

 

  • Adam Smith 1727-90 — Inquiry into the Nature and Cause of the Wealth of Nations- 1776

 

Religion

religion.mp3

  • No Longer on the Cutting Edge
  • Relative Religious Stability
  • Overshadowed by Secular Concerns
  • Overshadowed by the Philosophy of Enlightenment

Sciences

The Revolution of Sciences

scienceoverview.mp3

Sir Isaac Newton – 164-1727

Physics and the Forces of the Universe

The Encyclopedia

The Classification System
Carolus Linnaeus 1707-78

Not only can humans know everything, but they can catalog it too!

The Discovery of Pompeii – 1738

Pompeii.mp3

Architecture

Rococo Architecture – an overview

rococooverview.mp3

Rococo – The term is possibly related to rocaille — decorative work made from pebbles and shells

  • Strongly connected to Baroque sensibilities
  • Refined some of the elaborate aspects of the Baroque style
  • The preferred style of the French aristocracy
    The Enlightenment defined itself by its conflict with this style

Fanciful interior spaces — The Salon – Click on image link to view…

Photograph of a Rococo Revival Parlor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Photograph of a Rococo Revival Parlor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Dressing room in the Gatchina Palace. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Dressing room in the Gatchina Palace. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

  • Gilded
  • Ornate scrolls
  • Asymmetrical
  • Curved lines
  • Very light and feminine

Neoclassical Architecture

neoclassicalstyle.mp3

Use of elements from Greek and Roman Ruins

  • Columns
  • Arches
  • Symmetry
  • Proportion
  • Flat interior walls
  • Dominated by regularity, reason and logic

Neoclassical Architecture and America – short video lecture

European Neoclassical Architecture